Visual Sensory

Visual

Description:

Visual sensory problems arise due to the way in which the brain processes visual cues. Some ways in which visual sensory problems can be seen is when a learner has difficulty processing what the eyes take in.

Some examples of ways in which proprioceptive sensory problems can be identified is if the learner has difficulty seeing different shapes and letters, difficulty distinguishing shapes from the background, trouble coordinating movements when walking and difficulty in seeing colors and light.

Purpose

Visual sensory activities are important for learners because they can help develop sensory integration which would improve the ability to distinguish shapes. It is also important to practice visual sensory activities to improve visual cues.

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shadow
Activity 1: Shadow Guessing Game

Create shadows of various familiar objects and have the learner guess what the objects are just by looking at their shadows.

For more details, refer to the Shadow Play project linked here.

Purpose

This activity teaches the learner about the interaction of light, shadows and distance.

  • Step 1

    Find a place that the learner can make shadows in (either a dark room with a lamp or somewhere outside).

  • Step 2

    Choose some objects to make shadows with or use your hands and fingers.

  • Step 3

    Using one object at a time, look at the shadows of the objects and see how it changes depending on the angle or distance.

bottle
Activity 2: Simple Sensory Bottle

Fill empty bottles with different objects to watch the objects move around in the bottle! These bottles are also called “calm down” bottles.

Purpose

This activity assists in soothing and calming the learners. Learners get mesmerized by watching the slow descent of objects in the bottles and this calms their breathing and helps them to regulate themselves and their emotions.

  • Step 1

    Find an empty bottle.

  • Step 2

    Look for different small objects that can fit in the bottle to put in the bottle and once all the objects are inside close it.

  • Step 3

    Watch the objects fall from one end of the bottle to the other.

animals
Activity 3: Guess Animals

Find animals and name them. Stuffed toy animals, wooden animals or cutouts can be used for this activity.

Purpose

This activity helps the learners to increase their imagination, comprehension and vocabulary.

  • Step 1

    Find different animals around the house (either in pictures, cutouts, stuffed animals, or on the phone)

  • Step 2

    Set the animals up so they are all together.

  • Step 3

    Go through the animals making sure the learner names/learns all of them

shapes
Activity 4: Finding Shapes

Sort out and name different shapes. Blocks, stencils of shapes or drawn shapes can be used. Any object which is of a circle, square, triangle, rectangle shape at home can be used.

Purpose

This activity will help the learner understand the concept of shapes, color, and size - big or small. This will also help learners understand how to categorize and identify fruits and vegetables, which will be useful in everyday life.

  • Step 1

    Look for different objects at home that are circle, square, triangle or rectangle shaped.

  • Step 2

    Let learners try to name all the different types of shapes.

  • Step 3

    Divide the shapes into groups by type of shapes (all circles together, all squares together, etc.)

sensory bag
Activity 5: Sensory Bag Filled with Simple Materials

Distinguish between different objects. Fill any plastic/cloth bag with different items that are purposely chosen including hard/soft, heavy/light objects and objects with different textures and smells.

Purpose

This activity helps the learner to identify, discriminate and sort out similar objects.

  • Step 1

    Caregiver should look through the house and pick a mixture of objects and put them in a large bag (Please try and find objects that are as different possible, but please be careful to avoid sharp objects or those that could hurt the learner

  • Step 2

    Have the learner pick out two different objects and try to distinguish differences and similarities between them.

  • Step 3

    Continue this until all objects have been sorted.

hidden_items
Activity 6: Hidden Items

Point out objects hidden in a given picture such as balls, buckets, fish, stars, shapes, etc.

Purpose

This activity helps the learner enhance and improve their concentration.

  • Step 1

    Look for a picture in the home or find one on your phone that has many different objects. Feel free to draw a picture and conceal some objects in different parts of the picture. Or the picture in the description can be used.

  • Step 2

    Show the learner the picture and ask them to point out how many different objects they can find.

  • Step 3

    Help the learner with what each object is and how many of the same objects there are.

shape_sorting
Activity 7: Sorting Shapes

Scoop up colored shape buttons and sort them into the matching containers. A small tub, 4 small containers, different shapes of buttons and a spoon will be used for this activity.

Purpose

This activity allows learners to match and recognize shapes and colors and helps with concentration.

  • Step 1

    Find all the necessary objects needed for this activity and put all the buttons in the small tub.

  • Step 2

    Have the learner start scooping two buttons with a spoon and put them into different containers.

  • Step 3

    Continue this until all the buttons are done. Separating them into the four small containers depending on size and color.

    Please monitor the learners to ensure that the smaller buttons are not ingested accidentally

hide
Activity 8: Hide and Go Seek

Search for hidden objects or people.

Purpose

This activity helps the learner to develop problem-solving skills as they try to work out the best place to hide. It also improves balance, agility and coordination.

  • Step 1

    The caregiver will hide 1 to 3 objects somewhere in the room or in the house. Have the learner count to 30 while the caregiver hides the objects.

  • Step 2

    Learner will now look for the objects around the house.

  • Step 3

    Once they find all objects, play again with people. (Caregiver hides and learner looks for them).